How to Cite Archival Sources
There is no single perfect way to cite material discovered while researching in an archives. That's the nature of research using primary sources. Here are some tips that will help you with your bibliography.
Material from our Book Collection should be cited just as you would any other book or journal article. Check with your instructor for preferred citation style.
The following are examples of the kinds of resources most often used in the Archives.
Vertical & Photo Files
Vertical files contain newspaper clippings, brochures, brief manuscripts, and other ephemera. Describe the item by name or title, author, date, and name of file.
"Friends of the Italian Hall Prospective Board Members," Feb. 4, 1981. Copper Country Vertical File: Disasters-Italian Hall Disaster (1913). Michigan Tech Archives & Copper Country Historical Collections, Michigan Technological University, Michigan.
"Kerber Jacob's Quarry," photograph. Date unknown. Copper Country Photo File: Quarries. Michigan Tech Archives & CCHC.
"Wolf survival hinges on attitude change." Daily Mining Gazette, undated article. CCVF: Mammals - Wolves. Michigan Tech Archives & CCHC.
Digital Images & Photos
Include the URL (http://digarch.lib.mtu.edu) and date accessed if it's from the Keweenaw Digital Archives.
Federal & State Census
Map of Svalbard, 1902 [Cartographic record]. Map Folder 99 b. Map Collection, Michigan Tech Archives & Copper Country Historical Collections, Michigan Technological University, Michigan.
The Essential Elements
The following elements are the basic information you need for a complete citation in your bibliography.
What Else Should I Know?
Here are some websites that give additional information on the Big Three citation styles: APA, the Chicago Manual, and MLA. Check with your instructor on their preference.
The OWL at Purdue
The Chicago Manual of Style Online
Michigan Tech Archives and Copper Country Historical Collections